Lalish also called Lalişa Nûranî is a small mountain valley village dating back about 4000 years (some argue that it is 7000 years old), situated in the Shekhan District of Nineveh Governorate in northern Iraq, near the border with Iraqi Kurdistan. It contains the holiest temple in the Yezidi faith.
The temple belongs to ancient times wherein many archaeologists and historians agree that the temple was a part of Sumerian and other ancient Mesopotamian civilizations, and from as early as the 25th century BC through to the 7th century AD the entire region of northern Iraq was an integral part of Assyria. Later it became the location of the tomb of Sheikh Adi ibn Musafir, who is a central figure of the Yazidi faith.
The village is above the town of Shekhan, which had the second largest population of Yazidi prior to the persecution of Yazidis by ISIS. At least once in their lifetime, Yazidis are expected to make a six-day pilgrimage to Lalish to visit the tomb of Şêx Adî and other sacred places which is celebrated from 6th-12th of october. There are two sacred springs called Zamzam, which is in a cave below Sheikh Adi’s sanctuary, and Kāniyā. Lalish is also the location of pirrā selāt (Ṣerāṭ Bridge) and a mountain called Mt. Arafāt.